Tong Wars

Tong Wars
Author: Scott D. Seligman
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2016-07-12
Genre: History
ISBN: 9780399562297

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A mesmerizing true story of money, murder, gambling, prostitution, and opium in a "wild ramble around Chinatown in its darkest days." (The New Yorker) Nothing had worked. Not threats or negotiations, not shutting down the betting parlors or opium dens, not house-to-house searches or throwing Chinese offenders into prison. Not even executing them. The New York DA was running out of ideas and more people were dying every day as the weapons of choice evolved from hatchets and meat cleavers to pistols, automatic weapons, and even bombs. Welcome to New York City’s Chinatown in 1925. The Chinese in turn-of-the-last-century New York were mostly immigrant peasants and shopkeepers who worked as laundrymen, cigar makers, and domestics. They gravitated to lower Manhattan and lived as Chinese an existence as possible, their few diversions—gambling, opium, and prostitution—available but, sadly, illegal. It didn’t take long before one resourceful merchant saw a golden opportunity to feather his nest by positioning himself squarely between the vice dens and the police charged with shutting them down. Tong Wars is historical true crime set against the perfect landscape: Tammany-era New York City. Representatives of rival tongs (secret societies) corner the various markets of sin using admirably creative strategies. The city government was already corrupt from top to bottom, so once one tong began taxing the gambling dens and paying off the authorities, a rival, jealously eyeing its lucrative franchise, co-opted a local reformist group to help eliminate it. Pretty soon Chinese were slaughtering one another in the streets, inaugurating a succession of wars that raged for the next thirty years. Scott D. Seligman’s account roars through three decades of turmoil, with characters ranging from gangsters and drug lords to reformers and do-gooders to judges, prosecutors, cops, and pols of every stripe and color. A true story set in Prohibition-era Manhattan a generation after Gangs of New York, but fought on the very same turf.

Hatchet Men

Hatchet Men
Author: Richard H. Dillon
Publsiher: Silverstowe Book
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2012-09
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 1618090518

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Story of a handful of well organized Chinese criminals who ruled Chinatown from the 1880's until the earthquake of 1906.

Organizing Crime in Chinatown

Organizing Crime in Chinatown
Author: Jeffrey Scott McIllwain
Publsiher: McFarland
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2014-10-01
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 0786481277

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More than a century ago, organized criminals were intrinsically involved with the political, social, and economic life of the Chinese American community. In the face of virulent racism and substantial linguistic and cultural differences, they also integrated themselves successfully into the extensive underworlds and corrupt urban politics of the Progressive Era United States. The process of organizing crime in Chinese American communities can be attributed in part to the larger politics that created opportunities for professional criminals. For example, the illegal traffic in women, laborers, and opium was an unintended consequence of "yellow peril" laws meant to provide social control over Chinese Americans. Despite this hostile climate, Chinese professional criminals were able to form extensive multiethnic social networks and purchase protection and some semblance of entrepreneurial equality from corrupt politicians, police officers, and bureaucrats. While other Chinese Americans worked diligently to remove racist laws and regulations, Chinatown gangsters saw opportunity for profit and power at the expense of their own community. Academics, the media, and the government have claimed that Chinese organized crime is a new and emerging threat to the United States. Focusing on events and personalities, and drawing on intensive archival research in newspapers, police and court documents, district attorney papers, and municipal reports, as well as from contemporary histories and sociological treatments, this study tests that claim against the historical record.

Criminalization Assimilation

Criminalization Assimilation
Author: Philippa Gates
Publsiher: Rutgers University Press
Total Pages: 305
Release: 2019-03-08
Genre: Performing Arts
ISBN: 9780813589411

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Pt. 1. Hollywood's Chinese America -- Introduction -- Yellow peril, protest, and an orientalist gaze: Hollywood's constructions of Chinese/Americans -- Pt. 2. Chinatown crime -- Imperilled imperialism: Tong wars, slave girls, and opium dens -- The whitening of Chinatown: action cops and upstanding criminals -- Pt. 3. Chinatown melodrama -- The perils of proximity: white downfall in the Chinatown melodrama -- Tainted blood: white fears of yellow miscegenation -- Pt. 4. Chinese American assimilation -- Assimilation and tourism: Chinese American citizens and Chinatown rebranded -- Assimilating heroism: the Chinese American as American action hero -- Epilogue

The Crooked Ladder

The Crooked Ladder
Author: James M. O'Kane
Publsiher: Transaction Publishers
Total Pages: 196
Release: 1992
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 9781412836418

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Ethnic organized crime is a phenomenon that has been largely ignored by social scientists and historians. "The Crooked Ladder" represents a groundbreaking attempt to describe how some members of ethnic minorities have utilized organized crime as one vehicle of upward mobility, advancing from lower-class status to middle-class power and respectability.

Unemployment and Crime

Unemployment and Crime
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Crime
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 933
Release: 1978
Genre: Unemployment and crime
ISBN: PURD:32754078862103

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Asian Americans

Asian Americans
Author: Pyong Gap Min
Publsiher: Pine Forge Press
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2006
Genre: Social Science
ISBN: 1412905567

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"Compared to many existing texts on this subject, which tend to take a rather historical approach, this book focuses on more contemporary Asian experiences. Thus, Min has provided a new tool for those of use who have looked for adequate material to teach current Asian American trends in advanced undergraduate courses in the sociology of race as well as in ethnic studies. Encompassing a variety of perspectives from prominent scholars makes this book a valuable device to examine the less visible aspects of Asian Americans' lives. Students and educators alike would certainly benefit from diligent study of this text." --TEACHING SOCIOLOGY, reviewed October 2006 by Etsuko Maruoka, SUNY-Stony BrookOffering a broad overview of the Asian American experience, Asian Americans provides an accessible resource for all students interested in the expanding and important Asian American population. While historical information is provided for each group, the main focus is on the variables and issues that impact Asian American life today. The scholars who author the chapters look at topics such as labor force participation and economic status, educational achievements, intermarriage, intergroup relations, and settlement patterns. Photo essays help to enhance the presentations.Key Features:Covers the Asian American population as a whole as well as individual ethnic groups, i.e. Korean Americans, Indian Americans, etc. Covers theories as well as providing sociological data to illustrate issues for Asian Americans as a whole and as individual groups. Visual essays on the following topics provide powerful illustrations of the text content. Filipino Americans Japanese Americans Korean Americans Chinese Americans South Asian Americans Southeast Asian Americans Economic Adaptation Second Generation Experiences Updated to not only include information derived from 2000 Census data, but also has a focus on the second generation experience.

Closing the Golden Door

Closing the Golden Door
Author: Anna Pegler-Gordon
Publsiher: UNC Press Books
Total Pages: 345
Release: 2021-10-28
Genre: History
ISBN: 9781469665733

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The immigration station at New York's Ellis Island opened in 1892 and remained the largest U.S. port for immigrant entry until World War I. In popular memory, Ellis Island is typically seen as a gateway for Europeans seeking to join the "great American melting pot." But as this fresh examination of Ellis Island's history reveals, it was also a major site of immigrant detention and exclusion, especially for Chinese, Japanese, and other Asian travelers and maritime laborers who reached New York City from Europe, the Americas and the Caribbean, and even within the United States. And from 1924 to 1954, the station functioned as a detention camp and deportation center for a range of people deemed undesirable. Anna Pegler-Gordon draws on immigrants' oral histories and memoirs, government archives, newspapers, and other sources to reorient the history of migration and exclusion in the United States. In chronicling the circumstances of those who passed through or were detained at Ellis Island, she shows that Asian exclusion was both larger in scope and more limited in force than has been previously recognized.